Here's another excellent article by my father on our nation's founding.
The book of Joshua in the Old Testament provides a wonderful introduction for this article on the Declaration of Independence. As you will recall Joshua was allowed to lead the Israelites into Israel and one of the first obstacles was the crossing of the river Jordan.
15 And as they that bare the ark were come unto Jordan, and the feet of the priest that bare the ark were dipped in the brim of the water (for Jordan overfloweth all his banks all the time of harvests).—Joshua 3:14-15
Then the Lord caused the Jordan to be divided even as he had the Red Sea for Moses:
The reason for selecting 12 stones and displaying them was to be a memorial unto the children of Israel for ever. Today we Americans also have a memorial that should constantly remind us what God has done for us. The Liberty Bell! It truly represents the liberty that God made possible for us.
By the time the third Continental Congress began the population in general and a majority of the delegates in particular had changed. They were now ready to listen to arguments for independence. On June 7, 1776 Richard Henry Lee of Virginia introduced a resolution. “That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be totally dissolved…” It was immediately seconded by John Adams. Although discussed for several days it was finally decided to postpone a vote on it until the first of July. Since several delegations were still not in favor of the resolution and since it was supremely important to present a united front the postponement was a wise decision. During this time John Adams labored night and day on those opposed to it. At that time a committee of five was appointed to draft a declaration, in case the Lee Resolution should pass. John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Roger Sherman and Robert Livingston were appointed. Thomas Jefferson was selected to write the draft because of his gift of writing. Jefferson finished his document and gave it to Franklin and Adams to preview, after their review it was submitted to congress on June 28th, 1776, the Friday before the Lee Resolution was to be considered.